FSA flag

About the FSA
Join the FSA

Contact the FSA

Sydney Flag Congress

Crux Australis

Subscribe to Crux

Current Issue

Previous Issues

Australian Flags

National Flags

State Flags

Historical Flags of Australia

A New Australian Flag

don't change flachange the flagdesigns for new flagResources
World Societies

Flag Retailers

New Country Flags




south sudan at UN
  Montenegro independence

New National Flags

National flags change over time and it is difficult for flag books to stay current. New national flags, or revisions to designs, of the past ten years are shown below.  All artwork is by Ralph Kelly.



The Kyrgyz Republic revised the design of its flag on 26 December 2023.  Adopted in March 1992, after independence was achieved in the prior year, the Kyrgyz flag features a depiction of a tunduk, the opening in the centre of the roof of a yurt, the traditional tent. The emblem has changed to straighten the sun's curved rays, which were thought to make the emblem look like a sunflower. The number of lattices has also increased.



Martinique, a French collectivité territoriale, on 2 February 2023 officially adopted a new flag for use at international sport and cultural events.  The national flag of France remains the official territory flag on land.  The flag design was chosen by the Martinique Assembly after a public competition that failed to achieve its objectives.  The new flag is a green over black bicolour with a large red triangle that represents the blood shed by the people in struggle.  The flag is not new, having been widely used by independence activists for about 30 years.  The new flag replaces the flag adopted in May 2019, which had been declared by the Administrative Court as invalid due to errors in its adoption process.



Xiomara Castro became President of the Republic of Honduras on 27 January 2022 and the occasion was marked by the adoption of a new version of the national flag.  The shade of blue was changed from a dark blue to a light blue - turquoise, which had been the official colour in a 1949 decree and the Constitution, but in practice a dark shade of blue, was used in accordance with a 1933 decree.  The change of colour also reflected the new government, whose supporters had used a light shade of blue flags during the election, whilst the outgoing National Party used dark blue flags.



On 19 August 2021 the Islamic Emirate of Afghnaistan was declared.  Kabul had fallen to the Taliban four days earlier, and the last US military departed 30 August 2021.  The flag shown is the same as used by the Islamic Emirate from 1997 to 2001, and is one of several variants being used by the Taliban prior to the formation of a government and specification of the future flag.  Several variants exist - some use the same drawing of the Shahada as Saudi Arabia and some add a second line with the name of the state in smaller script.



On 10 May 2019 the French collectivité territoriale of Martinique adopted an official flag.  Whilst the territory flag officially remains the national flag of France, the new flag will be used to provide a local identity for international sport and cultural events.  The flag design was chosen after a public competition. Eight alternating segments in green and blue evoke the languages historically spoken on the West Indian island, and a circle of 34 Amerindian stars represents the 34 communes.  The central symbol is a giant Lambi conch shell.  The new flag replaces the previous unofficial flag with its four white coiled snakes in each corner of a blue flag with a white cross overall.  Another flag (divided horizontally green over black with red triangle at hoist) is used by independence activists.



The KIng of Swaziland, Mswati III, announced on 17 April 2018 that the country had been renamed as Kingdom of Esswatini.  The new name means "Land of the Swazis" and the name change marked the 50th anniversary of independence.  A new version of the national flag began to be promoted, with the Assegai spears and fighting stick changed from yellow to white and the feather tassels changed from blue to grey.The tassels now have a more natural looking drawing, and they represent the feathers of the long-tailed Widowbird (Isakabuli).  The medium (or dark) blue stripe has changed to light blue.  This version was apparently adopted on 1 July 2011 and it was used at the 2012 London Olympics. Formal specifications have not yet been finalised, as the King has been considering what shade of blue he prefers.  The flag drawing is the official image supplied by the government of Eswatini.  The flag of Swaziland was first raised on 25 April 1967, prior to indepnedence a year later on 6 September 1968.

Mauritania flag  

Mauritania - Islamic Republic of Mauritania

The 1959 flag was modified on 17 August 2017 by the addition of two red stripes as a tribute for the resistance fighters fallen in the national struggle against the colonizer and those who have sacrificed their lives in defence of territorial integrity. The change was proposed by President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz and approved in a referendum that changed the Constitution. The final step in the formal adoption was its first official raising on 28 November 2017, the anniversary of independence.


© 2021

Material Copyright to the Flag Society of Australia Inc and Pennant Advisory Services Pty Limited. Text and illustrations by Ralph Kelly. Web Design by Elizabeth Kelly of ELK Prints.